“Rosa was aware…that in the last twelve months alone three African-American females had been arrested for the same offense. One incident made the newspapers in March; it even happened on the same bus line. Of four black passengers asked to surrender their seats in no-man’s land, two refused—an elderly woman and fifteen-year-old Claudette Colvin. ‘I done paid my dime,’ Colvin had said. ‘I ain’t got no reason to move.’ The elderly woman got off the bus before police arrived. Colvin refused to move, so police dragged her, fighting and crying, to the squad car, where she was rudely handcuffed…”
“Colvin was charged with violating the city segregation law, disorderly conduct, and assault. With the NAACP defending her, she was convicted but fined only for assault, the most absurd of the three trumped-up charges. It was a shrewd ruling; it sent a tough message to blacks while avoiding an NAACP appeal of a clearly unconstitutional law. Afterward, E.D. Nixon, former Pullman porter and [now] president of the local NAACP chapter, met with the indignant young Colvin to determine if she might make a strong plaintiff in a test case. But she had recently become pregnant, which spelled trouble; Nixon knew that Montgomery’s church-going blacks would not rally behind an immature, unwed, teenaged mother who was also prone to using profanity.”
—From Black Profiles in Courage by Kareem Abdul-Jabbar and Alan Steinberg, pp.233-234.